GOBEKLI TEPE : the Dawn of Civilization

by Massimo Izzo

The discovery of this Anatolian site, whose systematic digging began only in 1995, has overturned completely the reconstruction, hitherto hypothesized, of the evolutionary sequence of humanity
towards modernity. At first contact the amazement for the presence of architectural monumentality had been dictated but it has been more unexpected for the presence of architectural  monumentality dated 9500 B.C. At the most advanced excavation, astonishment has become marvelous in front of works of art which emerged from the sculptures to refinement and detail of bas-reliefs.

The first time that Sapiens Sapiens seriously began building buildings, it seems to have done so to build community structures of high symbolic value. It is no surprise that the site has recently been incorporated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. But the real revolutionary impact on History was caused by the discovery that a sophisticated symbolic cognitive system had already been fully well developed before the invention of agriculture and breeding, considered as indispensable bases for any development.

Looking at the world of Gobekli Tepe’s symbols, the Archetypal, tribal and shamans timeless animistic world may come to mind: the great challenge of anthropology and history of religions will consist in correctly interpreting these symbols and understanding the nature of the first socially structured steps of humanity, developed in this area of ​​the world.
There is no surprise, in line with the spirit of a music festival, that the structures bearing the first evolved signs of civilization are structures markedly dedicated to the celebratory meeting of people. That sharing that not only creates identity but gives true practical impetus to the change of the world and to true human evolution.

Massimo Izzo bio

Massimo is Egyptiologist, Orientalist Archaeologist and Engineer, and was born in Naples in 1961. He lectures both in Italy and abroad, holds educational monographic courses between Marche and Emilia Romagna. Graduated with honors in Naval and Mechanical Engineering at the Federico II University of Naples, designer. In the years 2000, at the University of Pisa, he succeeds in Triennial in Cultural Heritage Sciences Degree, Archaeological Curriculum, and the Degree in Archeology of Egypt and the Near East, both with praise. As an engineer and an egyptologist he was part of the Archaeological Mission of Pisa in Egypt at Dra abu El-Naga, Teban Tomb TT14, at Luxor, under the direction of Professor Marilina Betrò. Since 2005, he teachess as professor of Oriental History and Archeology at the Pesaro Liberty University and other institutions dedicated to the disclosure. http://corsi-egittologia-orientalistica.blogspot.it/